La Gomera: The realities of life and fun?
Small, seemingly very bleak island. But how many mysteries, legends, funny, like jokes, can be heard at one time!
Take, for example, the fact that last year celebrated birthday of the oldest inhabitant of the island. She turned 103 years old (and in general to live a long time La Gomera: Men 78 years, women 83). The venerable lord asked what she wanted as a gift? Municipality - the smallest in Spain - was ready to fulfill any desire dolgozhitelnitsy.
She made a very modest wish: "I want to see the sea!". Let me remind you that all of its 103 years old woman lived on the island of 400 square kilometers. And she lived in the mountains, from which we see not only the sea, but the other islands. However, her village was located in the valley, all of life was at work and see the sea once was not possible. Local authorities are happy to wish fulfilled elderly seniors.
Because people are living Homer - in the works. The population today - 22 thousand people. Previously, the main occupation was agriculture, very heavy, so-called terraced farming. It now remains, but in an interesting form - a rotational basis. Men (they are engaged in agriculture), go to the mountains, where the terraces, there remain a few days until you have completed all the work (to strengthen the terrace plow, plant, weed). Sleep while in the caves.
At the moment, this kind of farming is in decline, it is too time-consuming. Once the main crop - sugar cane, but he lost the competition. The main income residents - tourism and bananas. In addition to the banana plantations on the island grow some fruits and vegetables, grapes, honey and make palm wine. And the palm-brew, too.
Were originally made and natural dyes. Primary - red, of aphids living on one of the species of cacti. Steady, strong, harmless dye (it is still used as a coloring food additive where it's needed, "podkrasnit", such as in ham) was replaced by chemical aniline dyes, invented in Germany. Demand has fallen, it remains a minimal production.
Gomertsy themselves believe that they have - the world's best climate. Even an inscription at the entrance to one of the towns. This is primarily due to the fact that they do not lack water, and not too hot. And in the valleys they are protected from winds blowing from the ocean or the sand brought by the out of Africa. The island has several reservoirs for drinking and irrigation of the soil, year-round warm but not hot.
One of the original cultural traditions of the island - the language of whistles. The oldest, but survived intact to this day. "Gomersky whistle" (silbo homer - silbo gomero) was used by shepherds: in the mountains, he was heard over six miles. His first took over the Spaniards, already in the 19-20 centuries it was banned: it was believed that they were actively used by local gangsters. But now it is being taught in schools as a compulsory subject.
This language is based on onomatopoeia - it simply passes the word. "I go" - two sound "fyut-fyut" with on-tone, phoneme, and the proper pitch. At the same time - and build fairly complex sentences.
Emigration and immigration
Jobs on the island, of course, is not enough. Many are leaving - someone on the neighboring islands, one in mainland Spain, but most - in Latin America. Favorite Country - Venezuela, where more than one million immigrants from the Canary Islands. Residents of La Gomera is also often choose to Venezuela. There is also the opposite problem.
Although the residents of La Gomera mocking the people of other Canary Islands (writing jokes about them, deriding them supposedly-present confusion), they, in turn, show incredible ingenuity. The problem all over the world - illegal immigration. Long did not know what to do with immigrants from Africa who risk their lives crossing the ocean by boat length and found themselves on territory belonging to Spain.
First, toughened criminal penalties for masters of vessels carrying migrants. It did not help. Then gathered together all the aircraft and sent to Madrid. Say, you're there, in the capital, taking the laws here and decide what to do specifically with these people. Now patrol the coastal waters, intercepting boats: illegal immigration has decreased three-fold.